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Learn Grammar Online – English Grammar (ইংরেজি ব্যাকরণ) (A To Z) #1
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Alphabet বলতে ইংরেজীর ২৬ টি বর্ণমালাকে বুঝায়। Pronunciation of Alphabet ( প্রোনানসিয়েশন অফ্ অ্যালফাবেট) বর্ণের উচ্চারণ :

  • A (এ) = যদিও অ (এ) উচ্চারণ করা হয় তবে ‘A book’ ‘a cat’ এ ধরনের Word I Sentence এর সময় এর উচ্চারণ হয় ‘আ’ যা গলার ভিতর থেকে আসে এবং উচ্চারণের সময় মখু গহ্বর ফাঁক হবে।
  • B (বি) = বি উচ্চারণ একটু জোরে হবে এবং জিহ্বার মাঝ থেকে উচ্চারিত হবে।
  • C (সি) = সি উচ্চারণের সময় পায়্র দাঁত বন্ধ থাকবে এবং জিহ্বার শেষ পাš্র— থেকে উচ্চারিত হবে।
  • D (ডি) = এটা Hard Sound বেশ জোরে উচ্চারিত হবে।
  • E (ই) = গলার ভিতর থেকে উচ্চারিত হবে।
  • F (এফ) = জিহ্বার আগা থেকে উচ্চারিত হবে।
  • G (জি) = দাঁত বন্ধ থাকবে কিন্তু গলার ভিতর থেকে উচ্চারণ করতে হবে।
  • H (এইচ) = এটা ঐধৎফ ঝড়ঁহফ জোরে উচ্চারিত হবে। জিহ্বার আগা সামান্য উল্টিয়ে যাবে।
  • I (আই) = গলার ভিতর থেকে আসবে।
  • J (জে) = জিহ্বার মাঝখান থেকে উচ্চারিত হবে।
  • K (কে) = ‘কে’ এবং ‘খে’ এর মাঝামাঝি যে উচ্চারণ সেভাবে উচ্চারিত হবে। এটাও Hard Sound
  • L (এল) = জিহ্বা উপরের তালুতে ঠেকবে।
  • M (এম) = গলার ভিতর থেকে উচ্চারিত হবে।
  • N (এন) = জিহ্বা উল্টিয়ে গলার ভিতর থেকে উচ্চারিত হবে।
  • O (ও) = ঠোঁট থেকে উচ্চারিত হবে।
  • P (পি) = ঠোঁট থেকে উচ্চারিত হবে।
  • Q (কিউ) = জিহ্বা উল্টিয়ে গলার ভিতর থেকে উচ্চারিত হবে।
  • R (আর) = জিহ্বা উল্টিয়ে একেবারে উপরের তালুর সাথে ঠেকবে।
  • S (এস) = গলার ভিতর থেকে উচ্চারিত হবে।
  • T (টি) = ‘টি’ ও ‘ঠি’ এর মধ্যের মাঝামাঝি উচ্চারণ।
  • U (ইউ) = জিহ্বা উল্টিয়ে উচ্চারিত হবে।
  • V (ভি) = ‘ভি’ ও ‘বি’ এর মাঝামাঝি উচ্চারণ।
  • W (ডব্লিউ) = ডবল ইউ উচ্চারিত হবে। জিহ্বা উল্টিয়ে উচ্চারিত হবে।
  • X (এক্স) = জিহ্বার মাঝ থেকে উচ্চারিত হবে।
  • Y (ওয়াই) = মুখ ভরে উচ্চারণ করতে হবে।
  • Z (জেড) = এটাও Hard Sound বেশ জোরে উচ্চারিত হবে।

From Here You will learn Basics of English Grammar


A sentence is a word or group of words that must expresses a complete idea or sense or meaning and that may consists of a subject and a verb.

Also it may have an object or a complement and the words must be order properly.

যে শব্দ বা শব্দ সমষ্টি দ্বারা সম্পূর্ণ অর্থ প্রকাশ পায় এবং যা সাধারণত কর্তা এবং ক্রিয়া দ্বারা গঠিত তাকে sentence বা বাক্য বলা হয় ।

– We practice English everyday. (Here we is subject, practice is verb, English is object and everyday is adverb)

Basically there are two parts of a sentence: (একটি Sentence এ মূলত দুটি অংশ থাকে)

  • Subject and
  • Predicate

Subject: A subject of a sentence is a person or thing about which something is said or written.

Predicate: And the Predicate that says what the Subject does.

যে ব্যক্তি বা বস্তু সম্পর্কে কোনকিছু বলা বা লিখা হয় তাকে Subject বা কর্তা বলে ।

যা subject বা কর্তা সম্পর্কে বলে বা করে বা লিখে তাকে Predicate বলা হয় ।

In the above example ‘We’ is subject and ‘practice English everyday’ is Predicate. A sentence usually starts with a subject and then predicate comes.

N. B.: In some case like order, advice or request subject is not mentioned. It is userstood.
– (You) Keep quite.
– (You) Take care of your health.
– (I) Thank you.
And sometimes sentence starts with the predicate and then subject comes.
– Long live Bangladesh
– Down went the Titanic.

Kinds of Sentence:
Sentence can be classified into five categories according to the meaning or functions.
They are:-

  1. Assertive Sentence
  2. Interrogative Sentence
  3. Imperative Sentence
  4. Optative Sentence
  5. Exclamatory Sentence

An assertive sentence is a simple statement or assertion, either affirmative or negative.

Subject + verb + Object/complement/adverb

-English is an International Language. (Affirmative)
-We do not do bad things. (Negative)
-Everybody should know English. (Modal auxiliaries)

Interrogative sentence is a sentence that ask question to replay about some person or things and ends with a question mark (?).

There are two ways to form an interrogative sentence.

I. Begins with helping verbs (am, is, are, was, were, have, had) or modal auxiliaries (shall, should, will, would, can, could, may, might etc.).
– Do you have your assignment ready?
– Does he speak English?
– Did she work abroad?
– Should I go there?
– Can you hear the sound?
– Don’t you want any food? (Negative)

So Don’t miss this lesson – Grammar Index (ইংরেজি ব্যাকরণ),
ইংরেজি ব্যাকরণ (English Grammar) A – Z

II. Begins with some specific words like who, which, what, when, where, why, how, whom, how much, how many. These are known as ‘WH’ questions.
– How is your business going on?
– Who fixed the computer?
– Whom do you support?
– What are you expecting from me?
– What time is it now?
– How many people have died there?

A sentence that expresses a request, command, order, advice, suggestion is an imperative sentence.
In a imperative sentence, subject is usually unexpressed, it is understood.

Subject (Invisible) + verb + object / where
– Take care of you.
– Give me the pen.
– Do it now.
– Be honest.
– Come here
– Never tell a lie
– Do not laugh at others helplessness.
– Let him go there.

Wish, desire, prayer are expressed by the Optative sentence.

May + Assertive

– May you live long.
– May Allah bless you.
– Wish you all the best.
– Long live Bangladesh (can be formed without ‘may’)

Exclamatory is a sentence which expresses strong/sudden feeling or emotion like surprise, pain, delight, anger, disgust etc.

Alas/ Hurrah/ Bravo/ What/ How etc. + Others
– Hurrah! Our cricket team has won the series.
– Alas! He has failed the competition.
– Bravo! You have done a great job.
– What a talent-full girl she is!
– How sweetly the cuckoo sings!
– What a wonderful land Bangladesh is!
– Were I a Super Hero!
– What a pity!
– Fantastic!
– What an idea!
– Put that down now!
– Leave the package at the door.
– Walk softly, please.

Simple sentence is structured with only one subject and one finite verb.
Simple sentence has only one independent clause.


Subject + finite verb + complement

Exmaple: – Bangladesh is a populated country
– Life is not a bed of roses
– Human is the superior in this planet.

A sentence consisting of one principal clause and one or more sub-ordinate clauses is a complex sentence.

– If you work hard, you will shine in life. (Here, ‘if you work hard’ is sub-ordinate clause and ‘you will shine in life’ is Main or principal clause)Sub-ordinate clause begins with conjunctions like who, which, that, when, how, where, while, if, whether, because, since, as, though, although, till, until, unless, before, after, so that, whenever, wherever, whoever, whatever etc.

Example: – I know where he lives.
– I do not know what his name is.
– While there is life there is hope
– We eat so that we can survive.

A sentence having more than one principal clauses linked by one or more coordinating conjunctions preceded by a comma is called compound sentence.

Conjunctions are used in compound sentences are and, but, or, for, nor, also, however, moreover, thus, so, therefore, else, still, as well as, accordingly, otherwise, yet, not yet, but also, either or, neither nor, on the contrary etc.

– Respect others, and others will respect you.
– He loves us, but he does not show it.

In a sentence words are divided into different classes or kinds because of their functions and usage. And it is described by the term of parts of speech.

Parts of speech help to understand the uses or functions words and how different words can make a meaningful sentence.

There are Eight types of parts of speech.

  • Noun
  • Pronoun
  • Verb
  • Adverb
  • Adjective
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Interjection

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